Wednesday, August 23, 2017
facebook

google plus
FLASH
  • Schools and colleges in Punjab to remain closed on August 25 in view of the Dera verdict
  • UT Admn orders closure of all educational institutions in Chandigarh on Aug 24, 25.


Go the genome way

Go the genome way

23 Aug 2017 | 12:49 AM

One of the quickest growing fields in bio-medical science is that of Genome Sequencing. It deals with the study of biological changes in living organisms.

[ + read story ]

Gauri Chhabra

One of the quickest growing fields in bio-medical science is that of Genome Sequencing. It deals with the study of biological changes in living organisms. It is the branch of biotechnology that deals with the study of cells, structural and functional unit of living organisms. 

Nearly every cell in the human body — from the ones in the fingernails to the ones deep inside the brain-contains a complete set of DNA, the operating instructions that influence everything from a person’s hair colour to susceptibility to disease. For years, doctors have been able to test specific genes to detect the presence of mutations associated with disorders such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease. But only recently have scientists been able to map out a person’s entire genetic code, or genome, by sequencing all 20,000 or so genes in one fell swoop. There has been a huge movement in affordable rapid genome sequencing recently and this will produce massive numbers of new genetic data on individuals, as well as populations. The challenge is now on for a new generation of scientists who are able to combine genetics and bioinformatics in an effort to understand how various genomic changes can cause life-threatening diseases such as cancer. This will enable the development of new treatments, through combining drug and gene therapy, along with prevention strategies. 

Getting in 

If you are interested in getting admission in bachelor courses, you have to complete higher secondary examination with physics, chemistry & biology. The duration of this course is three years. Some colleges also conduct an aptitude test for admission in genetics course.

To get admission in master’s course, you must have done a bachelor’s degree in the relevant field from any recognised college or university. Some institutions also give admission in genetic courses on the basis of the merit list of the qualifying examination.

Career Scape

Genetic Counselors: Genetic counselors collect and analyse data about patients’ medical and genetic histories. You will also provide information and help families and individuals about the occurrence, risk and minimisation of inherited diseases. You can also have job duties in areas such as administration, research, teaching and lab work. Institutions such as hospitals, universities, laboratories, research facilities and government agencies can employ genetic counselors. 

Laboratory Geneticists: These are specialists in genetics with relation to laboratory medicine and DNA testing. You will research genetic material to assist and work for agricultural, pharmaceutical, clinical medicine and law enforcement organisations. Many laboratory geneticists have 4-6 years of postsecondary education, while lab directors may hold either a Ph.D. or an MD degree

Clinical Geneticists: Clinical geneticists are generally licensed physicians, and may also be involved in the field of medical genetics. You can be specialised in areas such as oncology, pediatrics or obstetrics and gynecology, and work in hospitals, medical centers or other research centers. In addition, clinical geneticists may manage a team of genetic counselors and work together to help identify and minimise the risk factors for certain hereditary diseases.

Genetic Counselors: Genetic counselors play a key role in helping patients and their families get the care that’s right for them.  Genetic counselors work with doctors and other members of the health care team to help patients understand what their family history means to them, decide  what genetic tests to have, and know how to use the test results to make the best treatment choices.  This is especially helpful today as medicine becomes more personalised, and treatment plans increasingly are tailored to a patient’s individual needs. 

The road ahead

Genetics has become popular, and there are many areas in biology and medicine that require genetics. Therefore, this is one field which offers immense opportunities. 


What is Genome Sequencing?

  • The technique that allows researchers to read and decipher the genetic information found in the DNA of anything from bacteria to plants to animals is called genome sequencing.
  • Genomics involves measuring everything about a genome and the changes between genomes. 
  • Genome sequencing involves the determination of the order of DNA bases. You may be wondering what makes these bases so important. In a strand of DNA, there are some simple units known as nucleotides. These nucleotides have a 'backbone' that consists of sugars and a phosphate group.
  • Commonly used techniques in genomics are DNA sequencing, microarrays, and PCR. 
  • Genomics is being increasingly used in medicine to help diagnose disease since an individual’s DNA sequence can provide insights into the potential for developing specific diseases. 
  • Genomics is one of many "-omics" disciplines that is becoming more prominent in biotechnology and research as a whole. 
  •  Discoveries in this field often allign with innovations in the technologies available to conduct analysis and perform sequencing or assays. 
  • The very basic unit of the human genome is a single DNA nucleotide. This nucleotide is made up of minuscule atoms, which create a challenge for even an advanced microscope to be used for detection. Researchers still, however, need to be able to determine the sequence of bases in DNA. 

Courses

Undergraduate 

  • Bachelor of Science in Genetics
  • Bachelor of Science Honors in Genetics
  • Bachelor of Science in Genetics, Microbiology & Chemistry

Postgraduate 

  • Master of Science in Genetics 
  • Master of Science in Applied Genetics
  • Master of Science in Biomedical Genetics
  • Master of Science in Human Genetics
  • Master of Science in Molecular Biology and Human Genetics
  • Master of Science in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics

Doctoral 

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Genetics 
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Human Genetics

Institute Watch

  • Dyal Singh (P.G.) College, Karnal, Haryana, offering Bachelor of Science in Genetics
  • NIMS Institute of Basic and Advanced Sciences, Jaipur, offering  Bachelor of Science Honors in Genetics
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Kolkata, offering Bachelor of Science Honors in Genetics
  • Indian Academy Degree College, Bangalore, offering BSc. in Genetics, Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  • Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, offering Master of Science in Human Genetics
  • Acharya Bangalore B-School, Bangalore, offering Master of Science in Applied Genetics
  • Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, offering Master of Science in Genetics 
  • Jiwaji University, Gwalior, offering Master of Science in Molecular Biology and Human Genetics
  • Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, offering Master of Science in Genomics 
  • University of Delhi, Delhi, offering Ph.D (Genetics)
  • Indian Statistical Institute, Coimbatore, offering Ph.D (Human Genetics)
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Karnataka, offering Ph.D (Human Genetics)

Work profile

  • Establishing genotypes, using diagnostic procedures to detect genetic diseases;
  • Utilising laboratory techniques, including PCR; mutation detection techniques; denaturing HPLC; southern blotting; DNA sequencing and fragment analysis; laser detection of fluorescent dyes.
  • Compiling reports for clinicians who requested tests and then advising them on suitable investigation strategies.
  • Interpreting results of routine tests carried out by genetic technologists, (they conduct the vast majority of DNA extraction work)
  • Developing and devising new investigation strategies
  • Conducting both research and development and designing new molecular genetics techniques for genetic disease
  • Communicating clearly and concisely with colleagues and other healthcare professionals.
Not just repairing smilesorthodontist

Not just repairing smiles

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the mouth and related structures and tissues, particularly in the jaw and facial area.

Prospects after master’s in IRCareer Hotline

Prospects after master’s in IR

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Q. I am in BBA second year at present. I am very keen to pursue a PG degree in International Relations (MA in International Relations).

scholarship roundup

Tata Trust Fellowship

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Tata Trust is inviting applications from individuals for research grants offered in the study related to autism, dyslexia and public health of all age groups for the duration of six months to two years.

Boost your employment quotientcareer compass: hospitality management

Boost your employment quotient

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

In today's era of globalisation, hospitality industry has assumed greater significance and is fast developing into an advantageous career option.

course cruising

Diploma in Optometry & Medical Nursing Assistant

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

DEADLINE: 31 AUGUST:Delhi Paramedical & Management Institute (DPMI) invites Application Form for one-year full-time Diploma in Optometry and Diploma in Medical Nursing Assistant and 6 months certificate programme in Medical Nursing Assistant.

coursechat

DCA course for deceased soldiers’ families

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Delhi College of Arts announced the special offer of one-year Super Professional free Course for martyr soldiers’ families on Independence Day.

Internship of the week

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

LOCATION: DELHI:Skill(s) required: MS-Office, Data Analytics, MS-Excel, Kannada and English Proficiency (Spoken)

Route to a PhD. abroad

Route to a PhD. abroad

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

By blending independent research, theoretical study and practical experience perfectly a PhD offers excellent career options to those with a research-oriented mind set.

What makes cash a less effective rewardmanager’s desk

What makes cash a less effective reward

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Many organisations make the assumption that cash can fetch the results that they want from their workforce, today.

Time to speak upsmart strategy: the art of giving feedback

Time to speak up

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

A) HAVE GRAVE CONCERNS:Most employees would not even dream of giving their superiors feedback or suggestions.

hiring

AI, machine learning experts to be in high demand

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Demand for artificial intelligence and machine learning specialists in the country is expected to see a 60 per cent rise by 2018 due to increasing adoption of automation, says KellyOCG India.

cubicle trends

91 pc curious about new job opportunities

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM

Most professionals in India (91 per cent) like hearing about new opportunities and mostly higher compensation lures them into switching to new job, according to a LinkedIn report.

study abroad

Personal impact

23 Aug 2017 | 12:50 AM

Each year as more students are applying to colleges, they are submitting more applications than ever before, resulting in colleges receiving record numbers of applications.

  • SpectrumGreen is their kind

    Green is their kind

    There are two types of people in the world — the doers and the rest. Times when Mother Earth is witnessing abnormal climatic conditions and concrete jungles are fast replacing the green cover; some doers are working relentlessly to make things better for themselves, the rest and the rest of the rest.

  • “A play has repeat value if the subject is relevant”

    At a time when cinema has a turnover of millions, television shows have been running for years, actors and producers are raking in the moolah, including new entrants on social media, yet in all this theatre, the world’s first form of entertainment, has been chugging along.

  • Blue plaque for first black actor

    Britain’s first black Shakespearean actor has been honoured with the unveiling of a blue plaque in Coventry. Ira Aldridge became manager of the Coventry Theatre in 1828, after impressing the city’s residents with his acting talent on a tour.

more Spectrum...
Go the genome way

Go the genome way

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM
Not just repairing smilesorthodontist

Not just repairing smiles

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM
Prospects after master’s in IRCareer Hotline

Prospects after master’s in IR

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM
scholarship roundup

Tata Trust Fellowship

23 Aug 2017 | 12:48 AM
more Jobs & Careers...