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Coffee compounds may help fight Parkinson's
Photo for representation only. — Thinkstock.

Coffee compounds may help fight Parkinson's

11 Dec 2018 | 2:51 PM

WASHINGTON: Scientists have identified a compound in coffee that could be teamed up with caffeine to fight Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia—two currently incurable neurodegenerative disorders.

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WASHINGTON

Scientists have identified a compound in coffee that could be teamed up with caffeine to fight Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia—two currently incurable neurodegenerative disorders.

The discovery, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggests these two compounds combined may become a therapeutic option to slow brain degeneration.

Prior research has shown that drinking coffee may reduce the risk of developing Parkinson's disease.

While caffeine has traditionally been credited as coffee's special protective agent, coffee beans contain more than a thousand other compounds that are less well known.

Researchers from Rutgers University in the US focused on a fatty acid derivative of the neurotransmitter serotonin, called EHT (Eicosanoyl-5-hydroxytryptamide), found in the bean's waxy coating.

They found that EHT protects the brains of mice against abnormal protein accumulation associated with Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia.           

In the current research, the team asked whether EHT and caffeine could work together for even greater brain protection.

They gave mice small doses of caffeine or EHT separately as well as together.

Each compound alone was not effective, but when given together they boosted the activity of a catalyst that helps prevent the accumulation of harmful proteins in the brain.

This suggests the combination of EHT and caffeine may be able to slow or stop the progression of these diseases.

Current treatments address only the symptoms of Parkinson's disease but do not protect against brain degeneration.

Further research is needed to determine the proper amounts and ratio of EHT and caffeine required for the protective effect in people, the scientists said. — PTI

New spray gel could help fight cancer after surgery

New spray gel could help fight cancer after surgery

11 Dec 2018 | 1:25 PM

LOS ANGELES: Scientists have developed a spray gel embedded with immune-boosting drugs which they say could help the body fight off cancer after surgery.

Scientists to test tailor-made vaccine tech to fight epidemics

Scientists to test tailor-made vaccine tech to fight epidemics

10 Dec 2018 | 1:00 PM

LONDON: A global coalition set up to fight disease epidemics is investing up to $8.4 million to develop a synthetic vaccine system that could be tailor-made to fight multiple pathogens such as flu, Ebola, Marburg and Rabies.

Brain responds more quickly to angry voices

Brain responds more quickly to angry voices

09 Dec 2018 | 6:37 PM

GENEVA: We notice aggressive or threatening voices much faster than those that sound normal or happy, scientists say.

Internet therapy platforms may help fight depression: Study

Internet therapy platforms may help fight depression: Study

09 Dec 2018 | 3:55 PM

WASHINGTON: Scientists have found that a series of self-guided, internet-based therapy platforms effectively reduce depression.

Vitamin C may offset effects of maternal smoking on baby

Vitamin C may offset effects of maternal smoking on baby

07 Dec 2018 | 5:21 PM

NEW YORK: Although smoking during pregnancy is reported to have an adverse effect on foetus health, a new study shows that regular intake of Vitamin C by smoker mom-to-be may help reduce harm done to infant's lungs after birth.

Genetic switch may lead to HIV cure

Genetic switch may lead to HIV cure

07 Dec 2018 | 1:55 PM

WASHINGTON: A genetic switch that causes HIV hidden inside the cells to replicate can be manipulated to completely eradicate the virus from the human body, a study has found.

Air pollution may up miscarriage risk

Air pollution may up miscarriage risk

06 Dec 2018 | 2:54 PM

WASHINGTON: Exposure to air pollution, even for a short term, may significantly increase the risk of miscarriages, a study has found.

Adult hearts lack stem cells

Adult hearts lack stem cells

05 Dec 2018 | 5:02 PM

LONDON: Heart stem cells that might repair the heart muscle after a heart attack do not exist in adults, say researchers after two decades of study.

Single workout can boost metabolism for days

Single workout can boost metabolism for days

05 Dec 2018 | 3:37 PM

HOUSTON: Neurons that influence metabolism are active for up to two days after a single workout, according to a study in mice.

Excess or poor sleep linked to heart disease, death

Excess or poor sleep linked to heart disease, death

05 Dec 2018 | 2:43 PM

TORONTO: Do you sleep too much or do you not get sufficient sleep?

Smokers who roll their own cigarettes less likely to quit

Smokers who roll their own cigarettes less likely to quit

05 Dec 2018 | 12:46 PM

LONDON: Smokers who roll their own cigarettes are less likely to try quitting smoking, according to a study.

First baby born via uterus transplanted from dead donor

First baby born via uterus transplanted from dead donor

05 Dec 2018 | 11:56 AM

PARIS: In a medical first, a mother who received a uterus transplant from a dead donor gave birth to a healthy baby, researchers reported on Wednesday.

Chemicals in cosmetics, soaps may speed up puberty in girls

Chemicals in cosmetics, soaps may speed up puberty in girls

04 Dec 2018 | 6:17 PM

LOS ANGELES: Girls exposed to chemicals commonly found in toothpaste, makeup, soap and other personal care products before birth may hit puberty earlier, according to a study published on Tuesday.

Genes tied to dementia identified, may lead to new therapies

Genes tied to dementia identified, may lead to new therapies

04 Dec 2018 | 4:41 PM

LOS ANGELES: Scientists have identified genetic processes involved in the neurodegeneration that occurs in dementia—an important step towards developing therapies that could slow or halt the course of the disease.

Alcohol intake may cause weight loss in diabetics

Alcohol intake may cause weight loss in diabetics

04 Dec 2018 | 2:04 PM

NEW YORK: Regular consumption of alcohol may lead to long-term weight loss in people with diabetes, say researchers.

Brain zapping may alleviate depression symptoms

Brain zapping may alleviate depression symptoms

02 Dec 2018 | 2:33 PM

WASHINGTON: Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have identified a brain region that can be electrically stimulated to improve mood in people suffering from depression.

Night owls at high risk of heart disease, diabetes

Night owls at high risk of heart disease, diabetes

02 Dec 2018 | 12:31 PM

LONDON: Night owls—people who prefer staying up late —may have a higher risk of suffering from heart disease and type 2 diabetes than early risers a study has found.

Pregnancy is safe for breast cancer survivors

Pregnancy is safe for breast cancer survivors

02 Dec 2018 | 11:06 AM

NEW DELHI: Breast cancer, the most prevalent cancer among Indian women, cannot deter motherhood, if intervention takes place at the right moment, say health experts.

Painless method can evaluate tumour progression

Painless method can evaluate tumour progression

02 Dec 2018 | 10:54 AM

BEIJING: Chinese researchers have developed a new evaluating model using medical imaging to help painlessly evaluate tumour progression in patients.

New drug offers hope for diabetes-related blindness

New drug offers hope for diabetes-related blindness

01 Dec 2018 | 2:38 PM

SYDNEY: In a major breakthrough, Australian scientists have developed a new drug that offers treatment for people suffering from diabetic retinopathy—the main cause of blindness from diabetes.

Potentially deadly bacterium becoming drug resistant

Potentially deadly bacterium becoming drug resistant

01 Dec 2018 | 1:31 PM

LONDON: A type of bacterium — known to be the major cause of life-threatening infections after surgery — is becoming increasingly dangerous due to antibiotic resistance, scientists say.

New self-powered sensor to monitor heart failure

New self-powered sensor to monitor heart failure

01 Dec 2018 | 1:17 PM

BEIJING: Chinese scientists have designed an implant and self-powered sensor that can help monitor heart failure, a global public health problem in which the heart is incapable of pumping sufficient blood to meet the body's needs.

Family umbilical cord blood pool to cure a host of blood-related disorders

Family umbilical cord blood pool to cure a host of blood-related disorders

01 Dec 2018 | 11:57 AM

NEW DELHI: With growing evidence that Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant (UCBT) is one of the major treatment options for various genetic and blood-related diseases, the concept of cord blood pool banking is gradually developing in India.

120,000 children, adolescents aged 0-19 were living with HIV in 2017 in India

120,000 children, adolescents aged 0-19 were living with HIV in 2017 in India

30 Nov 2018 | 10:23 AM

UNITED NATIONS: An estimated 120,000 children and adolescents aged 0-19 were living with HIV in India in 2017, the highest number in South Asia, according a report by UNICEF which warned that around 80 adolescents will be dying of AIDS every day globally by 2030 if progress in preventing transmission is not accelerated.

What we are eating is killing us: Report

What we are eating is killing us: Report

30 Nov 2018 | 2:06 AM

BANGKOK: Poor diets are among the top causes of ill health globally, accounting for nearly one in five deaths, according to a study published on Thursday that called on governments and businesses to do more to improve eating habits.

'Zapping tumours may reduce side effects of cancer therapy'

'Zapping tumours may reduce side effects of cancer therapy'

29 Nov 2018 | 3:08 PM

WASHINGTON: Scientists in the US are developing a new technology that can reduce the side effects of cancer radiation therapy by shrinking its duration from minutes to under a second.

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